About Tanzania in East Africa
Tanzania is a country located in East Africa on the Indian Ocean. It has a great diversity of wildlife, cultures and landscapes, from the savannah destinations of the Serengeti, Tarangire and Ngorongoro Crater to the beaches and coral reefs of Zanzibar (an archipelogo of islands off the coast).
The prime tourist attractions include Mount Kilamanjaro, Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Crater, Zanzibar's historic Stone Town, the Olduvai Gorge archaeological site and clean white sand beaches fringed by palm trees. Tanzania offers a wide range of safaris and climbing treks for both first-timers and experienced travelers and hikers. It is fast becoming a favorite East African holiday destination.
The climate in Tanzania is tropical and the coastal areas are usually hot and humid. On the central plateau tends to be dry and arid and cool during the night throughout the year.
Zanzibar is warm all year round due to its position near the equator, while the heat of summer is countered by strong sea breezes, offering an idyllic climate. On the mountains in Tanzania, the temperature is much cooler. Mount Kilimanjaro and Ngorongoro Crater can be extremely cold during the night.
There are two rainy seasons in Tanzania: The short rains season are generally from November to December and the long rains are usually from March to late May.
Best Wildlife Viewing Months
The best wildlife viewing months in Tanzania are during the dry season from late June to October. Animals are easier to spot since they concentrate around waterholes and rivers and there is less vegetation. There are also fewer mosquitoes because there is little to no rain. Skies are clear and most days are sunny. Mornings and nights get cold. It's recommended to bring warm clothing for morning game drives in open vehicles during the months of June, July and August.
The best chance of seeing the wildebeest migration in the Serengeti is during June and July and the time to see the wildebeest calving is late January to February. The Serengeti Migration involves hundreds of thousands of wildebeest, zebra and antelope running the gauntlet of predators as they migrate around the Masai Mara/Serengeti ecosystem. We can help you plan your African Safari's timing and location to include viewings of the migration.
Tanzania Fun Facts
- The world's only tree-climbing lions live in the Manyara National Park.
- The world's largest complete crater, the now-extinct Ngorongoro Crater is in Tanzania.
- The earliest remains of humans, including the legendary 2 million years old Homo habilis, was recovered in Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.
- Tanzania is the largest country on the East African Coast. It is three times the size of New Mexico.
- The Maasai Tribe is an indigenous ethnic group of semi-nomadic people living in northern Tanzania and across the border to Kenya. Their distinctive customs and dress make the Maasai one of the most well-known African ethnic groups in the world.
- The highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is situated in Tanzania. At 19,341 feet, it is over three times as tall as Mount Washington in New Hampshire. It is also the highest free-standing mountain in the world.
Best time to climb Mount Kilimanjaro
The best months to climb Mount Kilimanjaro are December to February and September, which offer the clearest and warmest conditions. June to August can also be a good time to climb Kili.